For complex mathematics that cannot be expressed as linear text, you can use a graphics program to 'draw' the math. You could use bitmap paint application, or a vector graphics application. Then you could save it to one or more graphics file formats for inclusion in a DocBook `mediaobject`

element.

The DocBook `equation`

element lets you assign a formal `title`

to the `mediaobject`

it contains. Such formal titles are numbered, and can be included in a List of Equations at the front of a book. The `equation`

element also lets you specify an `alt`

element, so you can associate a text string with the graphic for sight-impaired readers. The `informalequation`

element is similar but does not contain a `title`

.

Both `equation`

and `informalequation`

format the graphic as a separate block. If you need an inline equation, you can use the `inlineequation`

element instead. It will embed the graphic equation within a line of text.

The following is an example of a PNG equation file:

<equation> <title>A Bitmap Equation</title> <mediaobject> <imageobject> <imagedata fileref="math.png" format="PNG"/> </imageobject> </mediaobject> </equation>

Bitmap files can be used in both HTML and FO output. But small text in bitmap graphics look rough in print. If you drew the math using a vector graphics program, you could save the graphic again to a vector format such as SVG. Since SVG is not supported in all HTML browsers, you may have to include two `imageobject`

elements in the `mediaobject`

element and use the appropriate one for each output. See Example 18.1, “Multiple graphics in a mediaobject”.

In HTML output, you can control the spacing and alignment of equations using CSS styles. Each `equation`

is wrapped in a `<div class="equation">`

, and similarly for `informalequation`

, but not for `inlineequation`

.

For FO output, the `equation.properties`

attribute-set lets you set spacing and alignment on the block that contains an `equation`

graphic. There is a similar `informalequation.properties`

attribute-set for `informalequation`

elements, but no attribute-set for `inlineequation`

elements, since they do not need spacing or alignment.

DocBook XSL: The Complete Guide - 4th Edition | PDF version available | Copyright © 2002-2007 Sagehill Enterprises |